With all the movement forward into a more peaceful and mutually-respectful society, I would very much hope that it won't be too long before the people of both traditions in Ireland begin to celebrate St Patrick's Day together. Marie McKeown (author) from Ireland on April 03, 2011: Thanks for all the kind comments. In 1913 the Ulster Unionist Council decided to bring these groups under central control, creating the Ulster Volunteer Force, an Ulster-wide militia dedicated to resisting Home Rule. The Irish Protestants formed an organisation called the Orange Order in 1795. , "An Orangeman should have a sincere love and veneration for his Heavenly Father, a humble and steadfast faith in Jesus Christ, the Saviour of mankind, believing in Him as the only Mediator between God and man. Loyalisme et fanatisme ", Petite histoire du mouvement orangiste Canadien, Les Éditions du Québécois, 2008, 200 p. (. Although he escaped to France after a couple of years, Patrick later chose to return to Ireland and work to convert the pagan Irish to Christianity. There were 30 Orange Lodges in the city of Dublin, four District Lodges, a City The immigrants involved were admonished: "In the United States the oppressed of all nations find an asylum, and all that is asked in return is that they become law-abiding citizens. A distinct women's organisation grew up out of the Orange Order. Lemme see if i get this straight, Catholics wear green. Mortimer O'Sullivan, a converted Roman Catholic, was a Grand Chaplain of the Orange Order in Ireland. Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland Resolutions 2011. In its submission, the Lodge stated that it respected "Irish as one of the indigenous languages of the British Isles". , In 2004 former Scottish Orangeman Adam Ingram, then Armed Forces Minister, sued George Galloway for stating in his book I'm Not the Only One that Ingram had "played the flute in a sectarian, anti-Catholic, Protestant-supremacist Orange Order band". 114 2. Irish independence was a jolt for Protestants, most of whom, to some degree, had lent towards unionism. In Ulster, most of the United Irish commanders and many of the rebels were Protestant. The Order was an important component in the founding of the Liverpool Protestant Party in 1909, keeping an association until the party's demise in 1974. lol. This small state was set up in 1921 and had a majority Protestant population, but also a substantial Catholic population. Many more were murdered before they could manage to escape. Orange halls on both sides of the Irish border often function as community halls for Protestants and sometimes those of other faiths, although this was more common in the past. Some of the earliest were members of the Anglican élite who had always identified with England. Grand Lodge is, however, divided on the issue of working with the Parades Commission. In June 1688 a group of Protestant nobles (The Immortal Seven) went to Holland and invited William of Orange to invade England with his army. The Ulster-Scots LOL 1690 was established in Torrance, California in 1998.  Within two months, 7,000 Catholics had been driven out of County Armagh. , The first "Orange riot" on record was in 1824, in Abingdon, New York, resulting from a 12 July march.  Many Masonic traditions survive, such as the organisation of the Order into lodges. The highlights of the Orange year are the parades leading up to the celebrations on the Twelfth of July. Many of these immigrants saw themselves as returning to the land of their forefathers (see Plantation of Ulster). After 1871, there were no more riots between Irish Catholics and Protestants. That is why we wear green, or the irish flag, but never just  In a number of cases halls have been badly damaged or completely destroyed by arson, while others have been damaged by paint bombings, graffiti and other vandalism. In this quotation, "race" (in the sense of a "people") and religion are considered as equivalents , The Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland represents lodges in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, where Orangeism remains particularly strong in border counties such as Donegal, Cavan and Monaghan. In the 18th century, St Patrick was seen as a figure that Irish people of all backgrounds could celebrate. In 1912 the Third Home Rule Bill was introduced in the British House of Commons.  Denis Watson, the then secretary of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, has publicly called for anyone convicted of terrorist offences to be thrown out. This included the Orange Order, which had to be dissolved and reconstituted.  The women's order is parallel to the male order, and participates in its parades as much as the males apart from 'all male' parades and 'all ladies' parades respectively. Voices From the Grave: Two Men's War in Ireland. Indeed, between 1920 and 1960, 35% of adult male Protestant Newfoundlanders were Orangemen, as compared with just 20% in Northern Ireland and 5%–10% in Ontario in the same period. There are at least two Orange Lodges in Northern Ireland which they claim represent the heritage and religious ethos of Saint Patrick. The lines of tribal belonging and demarcation run deep and were deepened by the sustained violence of 'the Troubles' which lasted from 1969 to 1998. , Throughout the 1780s, sectarian tension had been building in County Armagh, largely due to the relaxation of the Penal Laws. There was apparently a split in the group in the early 1920s. The truth is not so simple. , The Orange Order reached England in 1807, spread by soldiers returning to the Manchester area from service in Ireland. Both the Grand Lodge and various individual lodges have published numerous booklets about William and the Battle of the Boyne, often aiming to show that they have continued relevance, and sometimes comparing the actions of William's adversary James II with those of the Northern Ireland Office. Protestant opposition to Irish self-government under Roman Catholic influence was intense, especially in the Protestant-dominated province of Ulster. 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