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Threadleaf snakeweed was more prevalent than broom snakeweed on drier upper slopes along a vegetation transect in the Chihuahuan Desert, New Mexico . Stems are generally flexible green-brown. Ethnobotanic: Broom snakeweed was used by numerous Native American tribes for a variety of reasons. Snakebroom, Broom snakeweed Yerba (Escoba) de la Vibora Scientific classification Family: Asteraceae Genus: Gutierrezia sarothrae The whole plant is boiled in water and the solution is used to bathe cuts, abrasions and infections including dish-pan hands. Medicinal use of Broomweed: Broomweed was widely employed medicinally by several native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints. & Rusby) from 1979 to 2014 at three prairie grassland sites in New Mexico. Snakeweed can be found in the dry plains and foothills from 4,000 to 10,000 feet in elevation and has been found to be poisonous to horses, cattle, sheep and goats. (Dunmire and Tierney 145-6) It also makes a bushy head (the “broom”), which produces small yellow flowers that in turn provide numerous tiny brown seeds. For example, in summer drought when most grasses become quiescent, snakeweed remains green and turgid. It is very competitive with other vegetation and can reduce or displace desirable grasses and forbs. This paper examines changes in broom snakeweed populations (Gutierrezia sarothrae [Pursh] Britt. Broom snakeweed: Broom snakeweed is a bushy, short-lived, native, perennial shrub or subshrub that grows from 8 to 28 inches in height. When considering aerial application, it is a good idea to consult with these operators and obtain cost estimates for spraying from several reputable commercial dealers. The medicinal uses of broom snakeweed were picked up by the settlers in the Southwest. Sheep may browse broom snakeweed when food resources are scarce during winter … Cattle grazed broom snakeweed in May and August 2004–2007. Aristolochia spp. This wonderfully complex oil has over 170 known constituents. Comments: Forb or subshrub. = 1, 99, P = 0.007). Snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae) Other Names: broom snakeweed. Some people refer to this as broom weed or broom snakeweed. It flowers August to October, reproduces from seeds. Broom snakeweed is one of the most widespread range weeds in western North America. M.Sc. The twigs are tied to sticks and used as brooms [61, 257, 274]. Gutierrezia sarothrae (Broom Snakeweed) Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Semi-desert, foothills. Many small birds and mammals eat its seeds and use the foliage as protective cover. Broom snakeweed is a major food source for black-tailed jackrabbits in Kansas and south-central New Mexico [22,27]. Plans for an early use of this grasshopper as a biological control agent of broom snakeweed are hampered by the paucity of ecological information. Sweat baths concocted from steeped broom snakeweed are associated with curing colds and sore throats at Santa Clara and fever at Isleta, and a liquid concentration has been applied on sores, bruises, or aching muscles at Isleta, Acoma, and Zuni." Perennial broomweed or broom snakeweed is a short-lived, perennial half-shrub ranging from 6 inches to about 2 feet tall. The snakeweed grasshopper is a phytophilous species, as it spends most of its active live on the host plant. The Comanche had two uses for this plant. Interpretive Summary: Guiterrizia sarothrae (broom snakeweed, snakeweed, terpentine weed) is a prevalent species on rangelands throughout much of the western United States. Big Spring Trail, Canyonlands National Park, Utah, September 10, 2005. Today, it has also been found to be effective in treating high blood pressure and lymphatic blockages. It is an annual that has a single stem growing 15 to 30 inches tall. Parts of the plant were used for indigestion along with bee and wasp stings. The Blackfoot used the roots of broom snakeweed in boiling water and would inhale the herbal steam as a treatment for respiratory ailments. Description of Broom Snakeweed (amphiachyris dracunculoides): Annual broomweed is a warm-season native plant in the Sunflower family. Removal of snakeweed from rangelands can result in increased forage production of desirable plant species. Trunk is very short, giving the appearance of a short woody base. Summer, fall. Chewed snakeroot was traditionally applied to wounds and used as a cure for snakebite by American Indians. Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family) Description: usually grows no more than 2 feet tall. Uses. An infusion of the leaves has been used as a pleasant and refreshing bath. Broom snakeweed and threadleaf snakeweed are very similar in appearance. Broom snakeweed control using aircraft has been a common practice in New Mexico, and several commercial aerial applicators are quite knowledgeable about the practice. Daily activity. Broom snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae [Pursh] Britton & Rusby) increases and dominates rangelands following disturbances, such as overgrazing, fire, and drought. Openings, roadsides. The plant has been used for centuries to treat various human ailments and can be found in contemporary herb shops. Drought tolerant, broom snakeweed prefers the sandy, chalky and clay soils of dry ranges and deserts. Remedies for Diarrhea, Stomach, or Digestive Problems A passage from Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest: Snakeweed is mainly used externally to reduce joint soreness, particularly from rheumatoid arthritis. It can be used as a … Broom snakeweed often is observed in overgrazed pastures. 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