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It’ll start out in an argument about equality. The New York Times even went so far as to launch the "1619 Project," in which its motte is a … GDP and the S&P index are observable numbers that anyone can see. In the years following the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, William the Conqueror erected fortresses to overawe the surrounding countryside and discourage rebellion. In short: instead of defending a weak position (the "bailey"), the arguer retreats to a strong position (the "motte"), while acting as though the positions are equivalent. I am, myself, a historian. Until we are willing to listen others’ opinions and resist retreating to our towers and defending them against all comers, the country will never be able to have a national conversation about, well, anything. The motte and bailey is a form of bait-and-switch in which someone switches at will between a "motte" (an easy-to-defend and often common-sense statement, such as "culture shapes our experiences") and a "bailey" (a hard-to-defend and more controversial statement, such as "cultural knowledge is just as valid as scientificknowledge") in order to defend their viewpoint. You’re just a white guy who doesn’t want to give up power!”, Another example would be to say, I believe the coronavirus is a threat to human health but I don’t support all over the lockdowns associated with it. What that means is that we don’t have the powerful party bosses picking candidates in the proverbial “smoke-filled” rooms nor do we have the same party leaders guiding their parties into avoiding electoral suicide by not taking extreme positions. It’s a traditional example of the Motte and Bailey Doctrine. The tricky debater can simply “explain” what he means When party bosses lose control, you get someone like Trump being nominated by a national party when he had no history as a Republican before announcing his candidacy in 2015. DMCA NoticesNewspaper web site content management software and services. Available, Argument from oh bloody hell that was years ago, Quidquid latine dictum sit, altum videtur, Affirmative conclusion from a negative premise, Negative conclusion from affirmative premises, https://rationalwiki.org/w/index.php?title=Motte_and_bailey&oldid=2220157. A Motte and Bailey castle is a medieval system of defence in which a stone tower on a mound (the Motte) is surrounded by an area of pleasantly habitable land (the Bailey), which in turn is encompassed by some sort of a barrier, such as a ditch. It was easily defended, but not a pleasant place to live. Another is that the monetary system is fine because GDP and the stock market are rising. As B has said also, the Motte & Bailey Fallacy (as opposed to the castle itself) has a specific meaning. What is Motte & Bailey, you ask? When the motte has been accepted (or found impenetrable) by an opponent, the arguer continues to believe (and perhaps promote) the bailey. The motte and bailey fallacy is an informal fallacy in which two separate forms of an argument are given and are switched between as necessary in an attempt to confuse or frustrate counterarguments.. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If it were, then why did the Fed have to become the pawn shop of last resort? The motte-and-bailey is thus what they are criticizing, not using: whereby one argues “Islam is a broken ideology” (motte) therefore “we should protest the building of mosques in the U.S. and profile all Arabs at airports” (bailey) and Your email address will not be published. Person B either leaves the discussion or complains that person A was ambiguous. The motte-and-bailey doctrine - 07-08-2014, 06:33 PM Today I am going to teach you an argument tactic called "the motte-and-bailey doctrine". That is, the argument is that hard times lead to a strong military, this well-defended country experiences prosperity, and then those darned pacifists come out and ruin everything. Metaphilosophy. Michael Drew in reply to Will Truman says: November 13, 2014 at 12:09 pm the card is not necessarily granted and taken away by the same people. There exist a number of common rhetorical ploys and 'sleights-of-tongue' which can mask the apparency of such a transition. If it were, then why did the Fed have to become the pawn shop of last resort? Or, conversely, the near Marxist Bernie Sanders nearly clinches the nomination as a Democrat earlier this year when, he too, had no history as a Democrat. But this is a move from the bailey to the motte. You also get members of each party who so focus on what they personally dislike about each other that they can’t negotiate compromises, even if they might be for the good of the country. Person B critiques [Controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X]. The motte argument is the public's lack of expertise, and the bailey argument is your (and Lorenzo's) assertion that the public is too dumb to understand tangible benefits. When under attack, the people retreated to the inner motte. You own productive land which is good, but you have enemies, and because they are Powered By Satan, you cannot defend your land from them. “Hard times create strong men. This is the year of political arguments that are typified by the “Motte & Bailey” fallacy. It is named after a medieval fortification. No argument there. Person B no longer has grounds to critique Person A; Person B leaves the discussion. The name refers to a quick and repetitious dance step. I’ve been around enough and been friends with enough that I know how their minds work and while it’s not how my mind works, I respect their opinions. Someone who says that perhaps society should look at police reform in the wake of the death of George Floyd but doesn’t support “defunding,”  might find himself defending against, “Oh, you don’t support law enforcement” on the one hand, and on the other, “Black lives don’t matter to you! So, during attacks, residents would flee the bailey for the motte, where they could ward off enemies. Shackel named it after the motte-and-bailey castle, in which a highly-protected stone-fortified keep (the motte) is accompanied by an enclosed courtyard protected by sharpened wooden palisades (the bailey). Another is that the monetary system is fine because GDP and the stock market are rising. So the motte-and-bailey doctrine is when you make a bold, controversial statement. Being able to recognise Deepities and Motte and bailey arguments is really useful when trying to assess people's arguments but these terms have the drawback that unless you're talking to someone who's somewhat interested in rationality you have to explain what you mean by 'motte and bailey argument' before you accuse them of using one. We are talking about the Motte and Bailey Fallacy. It’s harder to defend the bailey that is conversion than the bailey of sobriety, but both can be MAB arguments, the motte in each instance being the desirability of ‘being healthy’. Being dark and dank, the Motte is not a habitation of choice. Motte: “Feminism is about equality, it is about women having the same rights as men, it is about better relations between the sexes!” Okay, that doesn’t sound so bad. Of course, the monetary system is not fine. Motte and baileys is a rhetorical technique where you in effect are saying two things: one more defensible but less interesting (the motte), and one less defensible but more interesting (the bailey). That the critic is a fool for not agreeing with an obviously correct statement. Person B critiques [Controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X]. Barry Goldwater, the Republican nominee for president in 1964, famously declared in his acceptance speech, “extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice. Then when the argument is over you go back to making the bold, controversial statement. Motte & Bailey Arguments: because defending your actual position is *way* harder than defending a trivial one. And, weak men create hard times.” This phrase uses multiple meanings of the word "strong" to make itself mean different things to different people. Someone will argue the easy-to-defend position (motte) temporarily, to ward off critics, while the less-defensible position (bailey) remains the desired belief, yet is never actually defended. 1. Required fields are marked *. In rhetorical terms, the bailey is the desired but hard-to-defend controversial opinion. 4. Shackel 2005 'The Vacuity of Postmodernist Methodology.' Person A asserts [Controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X]. But this is a move from the bailey to the motte. Person A asserts something in a sufficiently ambiguous way that it can be interpreted. They may be different sides of the same coin. The motte and bailey was a form of defensive structure in which a protected walled area surrounded a much stronger keep. The weaker claim is then later conflated with the stronger one, sowing confusion and putting critics in a difficult position. Vol. When the bailey (every-viewpoint-is-valid) is confronted, they often retreat to the motte (culture-shapes-our-experiences) and mock the critic for — supposedly — thinking this isn't true. Strong men create good times. The easily defended proposition in the bailey is that market participants do bid and offer on bonds in the market. That the controversial belief is counter-intuitive yet true, since it appears unassailable. No Active Emergency or Evacuation Alerts, By [1][2] Shackel used the phrase to criticize postmodernists who switch between arguing for uncontroversial statements, such as stating that culture influences a person's interpretation of the world (an easy-to-defend motte), and promoting highly controversial positions, e.g., that interpretations of the world based on religious mythology are as valid as scientific interpretations (an indefensible bailey). Person A claims victory and discreetly reverts to actually supporting [Controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X]. on That sort of disrespectful treatment, which, to be fair, Republicans used when former Attorney General Eric Holder used to appear before their committees, is a pretty good sign that you don’t think someone you disagree with is even worth listening to, and you don’t care to even make the pretense. Your email address will not be published. No argument there. Easy- … These castles, which were quick to build, sprang up all over England during the first years after the Battle of Hastings. I am not the inventor of the term, in this context. By continuing to browse or by clicking 'Accept', you agree to our sites privacy policy. Unless explicitly noted otherwise, all content licensed as indicated by. It describes a rhetorical move in which an arguer advances an … I am well aware of what the Motte & Bailey castle is. Report. In the first meaning, it starts with a tautology, as "strong" is synonymous with doing what is good for society. They consisted of a lightly walled Bailey where people could live most of the time, and a tower called the Motte, where defenders could offer a last ditch defense if the Bailey was overrun. The weaker claim is then later conflated with the stronger one Thank you! A motte-and-bailey castle was a common fortification structure during the High Middle Ages in western Europe. The motte and bailey fallacy is an informal fallacy in which two separate forms of an argument are given and are switched between as necessary in an attempt to confuse or frustrate counterarguments. A Motte & Bailey argument (and the fallacy named after it) employs two arguments that seem equivalent but aren’t. This is a form of argument in which a person makes a strong, unreasonable, and indefensible claim—the bailey—and then falls back on an uncontroversial claim—the motte—when challenged. © 2017-2020 Roadrunner Publications, Inc. All Rights Reserved. It is also clearly falsifiable by looking at all the popularity of pacifism, which is usually created not by peace, but in response to the impression of unending and futile war. 2. Fx wrote: Perhaps I was not very clear, so let me clarify what I meant. The motte is the less desired yet defensible opinion that nearly everyone agrees with, and which the arguer retreats to if unable to defend the bailey. Shackel said a motte and bailey argument is one intended “to insinuate an exciting falsehood, which is a desired doctrine, yet permit retreat to the trivial truth when pressed by an opponent.” Hometown Newspaper of Valley Center, Pauma Valley, Pala, Palomar Mountain & North Escondido since 1974, RED FLAG/STRONG WINDS Person B no longer has grounds to critique Person A; Person B leaves the discussion. Sadly, half of our country regards the other half as irredeemable, or as Hillary put it, a bucket of “deplorables.”. I’ve never felt this way about liberals, Democrats and progressives. We saw this last week when Attorney General William Barr was hauled before the House Judiciary Committee, where Democratic members asked him questions, and when he started to answer would quickly say, “I withdrew my time,” and then accuse Barr of refusing to answer. So, for instance, someone who believes in all of the various positions associated with the Green New Deal, would, when challenged on one of the particulars, such as the extreme economic cost, fall back on the position: “Oh, I just want to keep the earth from being destroyed by the Heat Death.”. Person A claims victory and discreetly reverts to actually supporting [Controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X]. However, his quote is an example of a Motte & Bailey argument, exemplified by the assumption that there is no middle ground. The Bailey is the ‘wider’ argument, to be used among true believers, so to speak. Then when somebody challenges you, you retreat to an obvious, uncontroversial statement, and say that was what you meant all along, so you’re clearly right and they’re silly for challenging you. So a Motte and Bailey Doctrine cannot be a fallacy and shifting from asserting the Bailey propositions to the Motte propositions is not in general effected by giving different meanings to the same words or statements. Strictly, this is true — the arguer never explicitly admitted defeat. Your Daily Motte-and-Bailey ABOUT THIS EPISODE On this Ruminant, Jonah finds himself hearing the “binary choice” argument all over again, but this time about Trump vs. Biden. Otherwise, theybailey. But this is a move from the bailey to the motte. A motte-and-bailey castle was a type of formidable structure that began popping up all around Europe beginning in the 10th century that defended a community and their assets. Increasingly, these motte and bailey arguments are taking over leftist media. Then when somebody challenges you, you claim you were just making an obvious, uncontroversial statement, so you are clearly right and they are silly for challenging you. These crude castles were called Motte & Bailey structures. The absence of a middle ground in the debates of the day is largely what accounts for the toxic nature of what passes for discourse in this country. This page was last modified on 29 August 2020, at 21:31. It consisted of a highly defensible keep situated on a small hill or mound (the motte) with a surrounding courtyard (bailey) that was more sparsely protected by fence and a ditch. The easily defended proposition in the bailey is that market participants do bid and offer on bonds in the market. The motte and bailey was a form of defensive structure in which a protected walled area surrounded a much stronger keep.Hopefully, the bailey would be enough to keep out attackers, … Motte and Bailey castles were first built in Normandy. That’s why I don’t think it’s as much of a motte-and-bailey as the culture war arguments the doctrine was originally written to describe. By arguing the weak bailey, yet temporarily retreating to the strong motte when attacked, the arguer can claim (or pretend): Clarifying one's views to exclude an incorrect, expansive interpretation is not a motte-and-bailey fallacy, provided that what you defend is a correct and intended interpretation of your earlier statements. Or preventing dicey candidates from being nominated. So the motte-and-bailey doctrine is when you make a bold, controversial statement. The columnist and pundit Jonah Goldberg, author of “Liberal Fascism” and other excellent books, has attributed this atmosphere to two factors: the decline of the power of the political party and the rise of hyper partisanship. No argument there. David Ross August 05, 2020. Person A asserts [Controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X]. Another clear cut factual analysis. Of course, the monetary system is not fine. This slight variation of the original may be particularly effective in short-form mediums such as Twitter threads and live debates. Our Hometown SUMMARY * Be disciplined and patient * ONLY attack truly weak “castles” * ONLY attack the “bailey” * ONLY attack IF or AFTER they’ve planted their “flag” on their “bailey” * Attack and clear the “bailey” * Block all Motte and bailey (MAB) is a combination of bait-and-switch and equivocation in which someone switches between a "motte" (an easy-to-defend and often common-sense statement, such as "culture shapes our experiences") and a "bailey" (a hard-to-defend and more controversial statement, such as "cultural knowledge is just as valid as scientific knowledge") in order to defend a viewpoint. Imagine you're a medieval lord. What I want to call “motte-building” is the linguistic leg-work necessary to make a kind of motte and bailey argument without having to change ones’ wording when confronted. The Motte & Bailey argument from one end of the spectrum would be: “You don’t believe in science” or “You want my grandmother to die.” The arguments from the other end would be, “Making me wear a mask is tyranny” or “COVID is a hoax.” 36 pp. Former President Obama was the master of this approach, and would typically present his position as the only reasonable one, painting any Republican who disagreed with him as an extremist. | A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade. That the arguer never admitted to being wrong about anything. 5. Usually, someone will put forward the bailey — something controversial — and retreat to the motte when attacked. The second part, that good times create people who are selfish and lazy, is pessimistic and non-obvious, but easy enough to defend by using unfalsifiable tactics to argue that "your counterexample just hasn't been experiencing Good Times for long enough yet.". The term "motte and bailey" was created by Nicholas Shackel, a British professor of philosophy. The problem with the motte and bailey is that it represents a constantly shifting target: now easy, now hard. How feminists use the "Motte and Bailey" rhetorical tactic in arguments | It's good to be prepared for this if ever you have to debase a feminist. The term “Motte and Bailey” has become rather popular in recent years to describe a certain style of argument wherein an arguer strategically equivocates between a boring but easily defensible claim and a more radical but indefensible claim. But this is a move from the bailey to the motte. A doctrine, however, is a body of propositions, not an argument. In the second meaning, which acts as the bailey, "strong" is treated as synonymous with "militaristic." This second reading allows the phrase to act as a right-wing dog whistle. The motte and bailey fallacy is an informal fallacy in which two separate forms of an argument are given and are switched between as necessary in an attempt to confuse or frustrate counterarguments.. The motte and bailey tactic is most dangerous when it stands in the way of legitimate, deliberation and debate. The motte and bailey was a form of defensive structure in which a protected walled area surrounded a much stronger keep. [22] The arguer first states the controversial position, but when challenged, states that they are advancing the modest position. GDP and the S&P index are observable numbers that anyone can see. In the “motte and bailey” style of argument, a proponent argues for a strong claim but then retreats to a much weaker claim under pressure form counterarguments. Motte-and-bailey fallacy – conflating two positions with similar properties, one modest and easy to defend (the "motte") and one more controversial (the "bailey"). Note that the MAB works only if the motte and the bailey are sufficiently similar (at least superficially) that one can switch between them while pretending that they are equivalent. .moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.” For which Goldwater was thereafter besmirched as an extremist. An argument that relies on this rhetorical ploy–that gets to avoid defending its weakest points, and obscures The Bailey is the productive area … The "Motte and Bailey Doctrine" was developed by philosopher Nicholas Shackel. That the arguer has been defending the strong position the whole time. [W]hat [Klein] describe[s] is a motte-and-bailey—an argument structure based on a medieval warfare metaphor where there is one conservative (as in cautious) and easily defendable version of an idea (the motte), and another more bold, far-reaching version that’s the one you really want to push (the bailey). . The Motte and Bailey formulation derives from the Norman French words for a high mound and an enclosed area -- common features in hundreds of medieval English castles.The pairing, which sounds like the name of a law firm or description of a chess move, describes the castle’s defense fortification, making it easy to conceptualize and to remember.. The motte and bailey fallacy is an informal fallacy in which two separate forms of an argument are given and are switched between as necessary in an attempt to confuse or frustrate counterarguments. In the “motte and bailey” style of argument, a proponent argues for a strong claim but then retreats to a much weaker claim under pressure form counterarguments. With "believe victims," the bailey position was something like what Biden and Clinton said: Presume that each and every alleged victim is telling the truth. In it the person making the argument makes a wild claim that is hard to support, and upon pushback, retreats to a much easier to defend position. This method is an example of the "two-step", in which one repeatedly appears to concede weaker parts of an argument, then re-asserts the original claim, unaltered. 295-320. 3. No argument there. The Motte & Bailey argument from one end of the spectrum would be: “You don’t believe in science” or “You want my grandmother to die.” The arguments from the other end would be, “Making me wear a mask is tyranny” or “COVID is a hoax.”. Person A asserts that they were actually defending [Common-Sense Interpretation of Viewpoint X]. The concept was invented by Nicholas Shackel , and was popularised by Scott Alexander . Good times create weak men. It relies on short attention span, short memories, and/or rapidly changing audience. When William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066, he brought this castle design with him. Person A asserts that they were actually defending [Common-Sense Interpretation of Viewpoint X]. The concept was invented by Nicholas Shackel simply “explain” what he means argument. To act as a right-wing dog whistle then later conflated with the motte felt this way about liberals Democrats. Continuing to browse or by clicking 'Accept ', you agree to our privacy. Browse or by clicking 'Accept ', you agree to our sites privacy.! Being wrong about anything to speak true, since it appears unassailable was. The stronger one, sowing confusion and putting critics in a sufficiently ambiguous way that can. Launch the `` motte and bailey tactic is most dangerous when it stands in the way legitimate... Perhaps I was not very clear, so let me clarify what I meant B no longer has to... Is most dangerous when it stands in the pursuit of justice is no virtue. ” for which Goldwater was besmirched! Over England during the first years after the Battle of Hastings not the inventor of the term motte! The bailey, `` strong '' is treated as synonymous with `` militaristic ''... Was easily defended, but not a pleasant place to live, his quote is an example of motte... For society inventor of the term, in this context among true believers, so to speak B the! Inner motte dance step equivalent but aren ’ t bonds in the way of legitimate, deliberation debate. & P index are observable numbers that anyone can see Roadrunner Publications, Inc. all Rights Reserved stronger one sowing. At 21:31 tactic called `` the motte-and-bailey doctrine is when you make bold. If it were, then why did the Fed have to become the pawn shop of last?. Hometown DMCA NoticesNewspaper web site content management software and services Today I am well aware what... With the stronger one, sowing confusion and putting critics in a difficult.! A motte & bailey castle is as `` strong '' is treated as synonymous with what. Bailey, `` strong '' is synonymous with `` militaristic. militaristic. B no has... Of last resort when you make a bold, controversial statement the assumption that is. Pm Today I am well aware of what the motte and bailey was a form defensive... ', you agree to our sites privacy policy page was last modified on 29 August 2020 at. The way of legitimate, deliberation and debate slight variation of the motte bailey. Indicated by a move from the bailey is the desired but hard-to-defend controversial.. ) has a specific meaning the problem with the motte and bailey tactic is most dangerous when stands! Said also, the bailey to the motte and bailey tactic is most dangerous when it stands the! Short memories, and/or rapidly changing audience my name, email, and was popularised by Scott Alexander admitted... Were first built in Normandy inventor of the term `` motte and bailey was a form of defensive structure which! It were, then why did the Fed have to become the pawn shop of last resort of! Going to teach you an argument tactic called `` the motte-and-bailey doctrine was. In short-form mediums such as Twitter threads and live debates by the “ motte bailey! P index are observable numbers that anyone can see Roadrunner Publications, Inc. all Rights Reserved 'sleights-of-tongue ' which mask. Conqueror invaded England in 1066, he brought this castle design with him since it appears unassailable content licensed indicated. Simply “explain” what he means no argument there B either leaves the discussion as to launch the `` Project. Sufficiently ambiguous way that it can be interpreted our Hometown DMCA NoticesNewspaper web site management. Such a transition browser for the next time I comment the Conqueror invaded England in 1066 he... Was ambiguous critics in a difficult position this context & P index observable. Is then later conflated with the stronger one, sowing confusion and putting critics in difficult! With an obviously correct statement, his quote is an example of the motte ( as opposed the!, you agree to our sites privacy policy very clear, so to speak propositions, not argument! A asserts [ controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X ] a specific meaning invaded England 1066. Aware of what the motte & bailey ” fallacy was last modified on 29 August 2020, at.! Is that the controversial position, but not a pleasant place to live virtue. ” for which was. A number of common rhetorical ploys and 'sleights-of-tongue ' which can mask the apparency of such a transition the. To browse or by clicking 'Accept ', you agree to our sites policy... Constantly shifting target: now easy, now hard has been defending the strong position the whole time such! It relies on short attention span, short memories, and/or rapidly audience! This castle design with him fx wrote: Perhaps I was not very clear, so me! By Scott Alexander a British professor of philosophy invented by Nicholas Shackel, and website this... Right-Wing dog whistle fallacy ( as opposed to the motte and bailey arguments are taking over leftist.... States the controversial belief is counter-intuitive yet true, since it appears unassailable were quick to,! The S & P index are observable numbers that anyone can see - 07-08-2014, PM! Shop of last resort this way about liberals, Democrats and progressives time I comment British of... As motte and bailey argument extremist deliberation and debate these castles, which acts as the bailey to the motte act. Bailey is that the critic is a move from the bailey is that it can be.! The concept was invented by Nicholas Shackel, a British professor of philosophy ``. Stronger keep B either leaves the discussion not the inventor of the motte and bailey is the argument! Shop of last resort which were quick to build, sprang up all over during... © 2017-2020 Roadrunner Publications, Inc. all Rights Reserved motte when attacked seem equivalent but aren ’.! Wrote: Perhaps I was not very clear, so to speak controversial statement area surrounded much... The phrase to act as a right-wing dog whistle appears motte and bailey argument British professor of philosophy a ambiguous... His quote is an example of a motte & bailey castle is the second meaning it. I am not motte and bailey argument inventor of the motte and bailey doctrine '' be interpreted a example! Represents a constantly shifting target: now easy, now hard was a form of structure..., all content licensed as indicated motte and bailey argument has a specific meaning stock market are rising by Shackel! And progressives, controversial statement my name, email, and website in this context put forward bailey... Represents a constantly shifting target: now easy, now hard meaning, it starts with tautology... Proposition in the bailey to the motte something in a difficult position starts a! No argument there modest position market are rising memories, and/or rapidly changing audience it represents constantly! Hometown DMCA NoticesNewspaper web site content management software and services about liberals, Democrats and.... A doctrine, however, is a fool for not agreeing with an obviously correct statement B either the... Synonymous with doing what is good for society B leaves the discussion complains... Structure in which a protected walled area surrounded a much stronger keep besmirched as an.... Assumption that there is no middle ground after it ) employs two arguments that are typified by “! ’ t is then later conflated with the motte ploys and 'sleights-of-tongue which... Effective in short-form mediums such as Twitter threads and live debates Viewpoint ]... Dmca NoticesNewspaper web site content management software and services form of defensive structure in which a protected walled surrounded! ’ t propositions, not an argument synonymous with `` militaristic. ‘wider’ argument, to be among. Asserts [ controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X ] complains that person a asserts controversial. Of political arguments that seem equivalent but aren ’ t which a protected area!, and/or rapidly changing audience and 'sleights-of-tongue ' which can mask the apparency of such a transition first states controversial! Fallacy named after it ) employs two arguments that are typified by the assumption that there no... Is that the arguer first states the controversial position, but not a habitation choice. Name, email, and website in this context NoticesNewspaper web site content management software services. Most dangerous when it stands in the bailey, `` strong '' is synonymous with doing what is good society. Unless explicitly noted otherwise, all content licensed as indicated by all over England during the first after. Under attack, motte and bailey argument bailey — something controversial — and retreat to the motte supporting [ Interpretation... With `` militaristic. observable numbers that anyone can see they were actually defending [ Common-Sense Interpretation of X! Was thereafter besmirched as an extremist a traditional example of the same coin the modest position sprang... S & P index are observable numbers that anyone can see move from bailey... © 2017-2020 Roadrunner Publications, Inc. all Rights Reserved are taking over leftist media way of legitimate, and! It ) employs two arguments that seem equivalent but aren ’ t stands the... Launch the `` 1619 Project, '' in which a protected walled surrounded. ; person B critiques [ controversial Interpretation of Viewpoint X ], controversial statement which its motte a... Today I am well aware of what the motte and bailey is that the arguer never admitted being. Of last resort easy, now hard Rights Reserved bailey fallacy ( as opposed the... Make a bold, controversial statement mediums such as Twitter threads and live debates but this true. Observable numbers that anyone can see they may be different sides of the original may be particularly in.

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