Eyjafjallajökull is sometimes referred to by the numeronym "E15".  This eruption was explosive, due to meltwater getting into the volcanic vent. , Eyjafjallajökull lies 25 km (15 1⁄2 mi) west of another subglacial volcano, Katla, under the Mýrdalsjökull ice cap, which is much more active and known for its powerful subglacial eruptions and its large magma chamber. Location : The eruption began on 20th March 2010 and ended 7 months later in October 2010. From the end of June until the beginning of August 1822, another sequence of explosive eruptions followed. The sources describe heavy ash fall in the area around the volcano, especially to the south and west.. On April 14, lava from new fissures surfaced beneath the crater of the glacier-covered summit. After that event the sequence of eruptions continued on a more subdued level until June 1822. A literal part-by-part translation of Eyjafjallajökull would thus be "Islands' Mountains' ice cap". You must use compass directions and may also want to mention how far and in which direction it is from it is from the capital Reykjavik. In the past 1500 years, Eyjafjallajökull has produced four comparatively small eruptions. The word fjalla is the genitive plural of fjöll, and so Eyjafjalla is the genitive form of Eyjafjöll and means: "of the Eyjafjöll". On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull resumed erupting after a brief pause, this time from the top crater in the centre of the glacier, causing jökulhlaup (meltwater floods) to rush down the nearby rivers, and requiring 800 people to be evacuated. There is also a children’s playground on site. The eruption is thought to have begun on 20 March 2010, about 8 km (5 mi) east of the top crater of the volcano, on Fimmvörðuháls, the high neck between Eyjafjallajökull and the neighbouring icecap, Mýrdalsjökull. Shot on July 28, 2010, A film crew lands on Eyjafjallajokull during the 2010 eruption, Volcanic Eyjafjallajökull run off: Seljalandsfoss Waterfall (binaural recording optimized for headphones), Magma pathways and earthquakes at Eyjafjallajökull, Icelandic Meteorological Institute (PDF), SI / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for Eyjafjallajökull, Volcanic Ash Advisory Graphical Forecast for the North Atlantic region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eyjafjallajökull&oldid=991825424, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2011, Wikipedia external links cleanup from November 2015, Wikipedia spam cleanup from November 2015, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 00:50. On 26 February 2010, unusual seismic activity along with rapid expansion of the Earth's crust was registered by the Meteorological Institute of Iceland. Hekla and Mt. Updates? Kastljósið 22.3.2010, Sjónvarpið, "Viðtal við Dr. Pál Einarsson, jarðeðlisfræðing", Effects of the April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption, Air travel disruption after the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption, "Eyjafjallajokull | glacier, Iceland | Britannica.com", "Increasing signs of activity at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland: Eruptions", "Iceland's volcanic ash halts flights in northern Europe", "Jarðskjálftahrina undir Eyjafjallajökli", "Ash chaos: Row grows over airspace shutdown costs", "Met Office: Volcanic Ash Advisory Centres", "Iceland Meteorological office – Earthquakes Mýrdalsjökull, Iceland", "World's first automated volcano forecast predicts Mount Etna's eruptions", "Iceland prepares for second, more devastating volcanic eruption", "Newsnight – Olafur Grimsson: Eruption is only 'small rehearsal, "Stamps created from Eyjafjallajokull volcano ash", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Ash from Iceland volcano could affect UK flights, Volcanic eruption starts on top of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, Icelandic volcanic eruption prompts evacuation, flight diversions, A collection of satellite images from the CIMSS Satellite Blog, More from Eyjafjallajökull – The Big Picture. Using the embedded map above write a detailed description of Eyjafjallajökull’s location. Nobody knows where it can show its work, but its strength could undermine the climate in Europe more so than in the volcano glacier Eyjafjallajökull. Eyjafjallajökull rises to 1666 meters above sea level and hosts agricultural land on its southern slopes, with farms located as close as 7 kilometers from the summit caldera. On the scientific front, there has been a notable increase in volcanic-cloud research since Eyjafjallajökull and the Cordon Caulle long-lived ash plume of 2011. Eyjafjallajökull volcano emitting ash into the air over southern Iceland, April 16, 2010.  The seismic activity continued to increase and from 3–5 March, close to 3,000 earthquakes were measured at the epicenter of the volcano. On 16 January 1967 at 13:47:55 there was an explosion on the glacier. Most of us know the name Eyjafjallajökull for exactly this reason. The track ends here and to get to the top of the glacier by negotiating directly with nature by clambering over boulders and scree-littered slopes. Eyjafjallajökull Volcano is located in South Iceland, about 100 miles (160 km) from Reykjavik. It consists of an elongated ice-covered stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera. It is part of a chain of volcanoes stretching across Iceland. Plume from Eyjafjallajökull volcano (tan streak) moving southeast over the North Atlantic Ocean, April 15, 2010. Eyjafjallajökull is located in the middle of the South of Iceland in between Skógafoss and Mýrdalsjökull in the Eyjafjöll mountains. , Volcanologists continue to monitor Katla, aware that any eruption from Katla following an eruption from Eyjafjallajökull has historically occurred within months of an Eyjafjallajökull eruption. In the town of Hvolsvöllur, there is a visitor’s centre on the volcano, which focuses on the experience of one family whose farm, Þorvaldseyri, was one of the many destroyed by the floods, lava and ash. She is taking a little east of Kalte. Expanding gases from the rapid vaporization of ice started a series of moderate phreatomagmatic explosions (which result from the contact of water and magma) that sent a plume of steam and ash almost 7 miles (11 km) into the atmosphere. It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano. Fearing the damage to commercial aircraft and potential loss of life that could result from flying through the ash cloud, many European countries closed their national airspace and grounded flights for several days. The area between the mountain and the present coast is a relatively flat strand, 2–5 km (1–3 mi) wide, called Eyjafjöll. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland. He serves currently as the editor of Earth and life sciences, covering climatology, geology, zoology, and other topics that relate to... What is the highest mountain range in South America? Some small glacier runs occurred in the river Holtsá. Here is the exact location of the eruption at Eyjafjallajökull, in the Fimmvörduháls path; data from the Icelandic Meteorogical Office. The word is a compound of three different words. The volcano is fed by a magma chamber under the mountain, which in turn derives from the tectonic divergence of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Records kept since Iceland was settled show that Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted in 920, 1612 or 1613, and 1821–23. The southern end of the volcano was once part of the Atlantic coastline.  On 8 July 2011 there was a jökulhlaup that destroyed a bridge on the Ring Road and caused cracks to appear on Katla's glacier. The ice cap is the 6 th largest glacier in the country and covers the caldera of an active stratovolcano most famous for its 2010 eruption, which made world news. The plume was driven southeast, across the North Atlantic Ocean to northern Europe, by the prevailing winds. The former coastline now consists of sheer cliffs with many waterfalls, of which the best known is Skógafoss. 'island mountain's glacier') is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland, north of Skógar and west of Mýrdalsjökull. , The stratovolcano, whose vents follow an east–west trend, is composed of basalt to andesite lavas.  In March 2010, almost three thousand small earthquakes were detected near the volcano, all having a depth of 7–10 kilometres (4 1⁄2–6 miles). The trail is primarily used for hiking, nature trips, and bird watching. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. The name probably refers to the close by archipelago of Vestmannaeyjar. Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. It can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklausturmonitored th… It can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklaustur monitored the movement. Eyjafjallajökull during eruption in 2010. A bigger one flooded the plains near the river Markarfljót.  On 20 April 2010, Icelandic President Ólafur Grímsson said "the time for Katla to erupt is coming close...we [Iceland] have prepared...it is high time for European governments and airline authorities all over the world to start planning for the eventual Katla eruption". The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. Now there are beautiful steep cliffs and waterfalls. Location of Eyjafjallajökull Eruption. Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Icelandic volcano whose name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning ‘the island’s mountain glacier.’ Lying beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier), its summit rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. In early 1823, the nearby volcano Katla under the Mýrdalsjökull ice cap erupted and at the same time steam columns were seen on the summit of Eyjafjallajökull. Eyjafjallajökull erupted in the years 920, 1612 and 2010. The cloud not only darkened the sky but also interfered with hundreds of plane flights. Eyjafjallajökull is Iceland's famous volcano with the long name that can be very difficult to pronounce. The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The Icelandic Meteorological Office updates its website with reports of quakes at both Eyjafjallajökull and Katla. The Volcano was featured in the 2013 movie, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, where Walter had to flee from an eruption after pursuing photographer Sean O'Connell to Iceland. It is the most southerly volcano on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in the sea to the south west. At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 metres) above sea level. In strong winds, the water of the smaller falls can even be blown up the mountain. On 16 January 1967 at 13:47:55 there was an explosion on the glacier. The south face of the mountain was once part of Iceland's coastline, from which, over thousands of years, the sea has retreated some 5 km (3 mi). The ice cap covers the caldera of a volcano with a summit elevation of 1,651 metres (5,417 ft). The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi), feeding many outlet glaciers. In which country are the Southern Alps located? It has been an active volcano since many decades. It left behind vast ash clouds so large that in some areas daylight was entirely obscured. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This is a perfect location for your first break where you can sample wild Icelandic water from the stream and some traditional dried fish kindly provided by your guide. The eruption columns were shot to considerable heights, with ashfall in both the far north of the country, in Eyjafjörður, and in the southwest, on the peninsula of Seltjarnarnes near Reykjavík. The word jökull, meaning glacier or ice cap, is a cognate with the Middle English word ikel surviving in the -icle of English icicle.  Katla did not display any unusual activity (such as expansion of the crust or seismic activity) during the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull, though geologists have been concerned about the general instability of Katla since 1999. History of eruptions. They discovered a fissure vent near the summit caldera a bit to the west of Guðnasteinn. , Icelandic Post issued three special stamps in 2010 for the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano. Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. It was estimated to be ten to twenty times larger than the previous one in Fimmvörðuháls.  Infrasound sensors have been installed around Eyjafjallajökull to monitor for future eruptions.  This gave geophysicists evidence that magma was pouring from underneath the crust into the magma chamber of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano and that pressure stemming from the process caused the huge crustal displacement at Þorvaldseyri farm. Iceland’s capital city, Reykjavik, is situated just 160km west of where Eyjafjallajökull erupted. From Skógafoss you can explore its lower slopes if you walk up the stairway beside the waterfall. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Omissions? The name means "glacier" (or more properly here "ice cap") of the Eyjafjöll. Some damage was caused by a minor eruption in 1821. Eyjafjallajökull, English Eyjafjalla Glacier, glacier, southern Iceland.The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). The bright and modern rooms at Hótel Eyjafjallajökull have a flat-screen TV, desk and a private bathroom with shower and bathrobes. Eyjafjallajokull volcano is located in southern Iceland under Eyjafjallajökull icecap. The volcano Eyjafjallajökull (AYA-feeyapla-yurkul) burst to life in March after nearly two centuries of dormancy. The latter eruption continued intermittently for nearly 14 months. It is surrounded by mountains like Stóra-Dímona and Þríhyrningur. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounced [ˈɛɪjaˌfjatl̥aˌjœːkʏtl] ()) is one of Iceland's smaller ice caps located in the far south of the island.Situated to the north of Skógar and to the west of the larger ice cap Mýrdalsjökull, Eyjafjallajökull covers the caldera of a volcano 1,666 m (5,466 ft) high, which has erupted relatively frequently since the last ice age. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (40 square miles), feeding many outlet glaciers. From Eyjafjallajökull volcano is located just less than 29 km. The main outlet glaciers from Eyjafjallajökull are Gígjökull and Steinholtsjökull. Lace your climbing boots tight, because this quiz will test whether you can conquer the highest peaks of knowledge. This name, Eyjafjallajökull, didn’t exactly roll off news reporters tongue when the volcano erupted in 2010. Iceland is outlined at top left; in the plume's path are the Faroe and Shetland islands. The signature at Eyjafjallajökull is a concentrated circle without a river of lava, supporting the Icelandic Coast Guard’s observation that lava had not started to flow from the volcano. It did not flood that much: most of it went into rivers, but if it had flooded down the farm valleys it could have swept away all the farms in the valley. Eyjafjallajökull (Icelandic: [ˈeiːjaˌfjatl̥aˌjœːkʏtl̥] (listen); lit. This hotel sits in a quiet location, just 17 minutes’ drive from Hella village, and features a restaurant, bar and free WiFi access. Some geophysicists in Iceland believe that the Eyjafjallajökull eruption may trigger an eruption of Katla, which would cause major flooding due to melting of glacial ice and send up massive plumes of ash. https://www.britannica.com/place/Eyjafjallajokull-volcano, NASA - Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland, Global Volcanism Program - Eyjafjallajökull, Eyjafjallajökull volcano - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). First, Eyja which means islands, but that refers to the Vestmannaeyjar Islands just off Iceland‘s coast. Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll) is located west of Katla volcano. BGS scientists respond to volcanic eruptions and contribute to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE). About 30 minutes played in 18 second. Eyjafjallajökull volcano is an ice-cap covered stratovolcano located to the north of Skógar (Skogar) and to the west of Mýrdalsjökull (Myrdalsjokull) glacier in southern Iceland. The ash of Eyjafjallajökull's 1821 eruptions is to be found all over the south of Iceland. Where is Eyjafjallajökull located? The name Eyjafjöll is made up of the words eyja (genitive plural of ey, meaning eyot or island), and the plural word fjöll, meaning fells or mountains, and together literally means: "the mountains of the islands". When about 15,000,000 cubic metres (530,000,000 cubic feet) of material hit the glacier a massive amount of air, ice, and water began to move out from under the glacier into the lagoon at the foot of the glacier..  Each of the eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in 920, 1612, and 1821–1823 has preceded an eruption of Katla. The eruptive phase started on 19 and 20 December 1821 by a series of explosive eruptions and continued over the next several days. Eyjafjallajökull volcano, also called Eyjafjallajökull, Eyjafjalla volcano, Eyjafjöll, or Eyjafjalla Glacier volcano, subglacial volcano, southern Iceland, lying within the country’s East Volcanic Zone. Iceland, Eyjafjallajökull Eruptions - May 1st and 2nd, 2010 by Sean Stiegemeier. ASTER observed the heat signature by recording thermal infrared radiation (energy) coming from the volcano. Sometimes the track is temporarily closed for the fragile vegetation to regenerate. It is dark grey in colour, small-grained and intermediate rock containing about 28–40% silicon dioxide. The volcano has erupted relatively frequently since the Last Glacial Period, most recently in 2010, when, although relatively small for a volcanic eruption, it caused enormous disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe for a week. On March 21, fountains of lava began exiting through a 0.3-mile- (500-metre-) long vent in the ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, which separates the Eyjafjallajökull glacier from the larger glacier Mýrdalsjökull to the east. In the past, the UK has been affected by volcanic eruptions in Iceland, the most notable being the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grímsvötn eruptions, which resulted in disruption of air traffic in the North Atlantic and Europe. The crater rim has three main peaks (clockwise from the north-east): Guðnasteinn, 1,500 m (4,900 ft); Hámundur, 1,651 m (5,417 ft); and Guðnasteinn, 1,497 m (4,911 ft).  As of August 2010, Eyjafjallajökull was considered dormant. (The sources do not indicate the exact date.).. This second eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometres up in the atmosphere, which led to air travel disruption in northwest Europe for six days from 15 to 21 April 2010 and again, in May 2010,[clarification needed] including the closure of airspace over many parts of Europe. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón.  In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. You should begin by describing where Iceland is and then where on Iceland Eyjafjallajökull is located.
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