The Volcano was featured in the 2013 movie, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, where Walter had to flee from an eruption after pursuing photographer Sean O'Connell to Iceland. Fearing the damage to commercial aircraft and potential loss of life that could result from flying through the ash cloud, many European countries closed their national airspace and grounded flights for several days. Nobody knows where it can show its work, but its strength could undermine the climate in Europe more so than in the volcano glacier Eyjafjallajökull. ASTER observed the heat signature by recording thermal infrared radiation (energy) coming from the volcano. The plume was driven southeast, across the North Atlantic Ocean to northern Europe, by the prevailing winds. On the scientific front, there has been a notable increase in volcanic-cloud research since Eyjafjallajökull and the Cordon Caulle long-lived ash plume of 2011. , Icelandic Post issued three special stamps in 2010 for the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano. Most of us know the name Eyjafjallajökull for exactly this reason. The Icelandic Meteorological Office updates its website with reports of quakes at both Eyjafjallajökull and Katla. About 30 minutes played in 18 second.  The seismic activity continued to increase and from 3–5 March, close to 3,000 earthquakes were measured at the epicenter of the volcano. This is a perfect location for your first break where you can sample wild Icelandic water from the stream and some traditional dried fish kindly provided by your guide. A burst of scientific articles has been published, including in special journal issues (Hasager et al, 2010; Langmann et al., 2012). Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Icelandic volcano whose name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning ‘the island’s mountain glacier.’ Lying beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier), its summit rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. The signature at Eyjafjallajökull is a concentrated circle without a river of lava, supporting the Icelandic Coast Guard’s observation that lava had not started to flow from the volcano. Katla is located in Glacier Mýrdalsjökull north of Vík s Mýrdal. Eyjafjallajökull erupted in the years 920, 1612 and 2010. Mud, ice, and meltwater running off the volcano swelled local rivers and streams, especially the Markarfljót glacial river west of the volcano, which flooded farmland and damaged roads. Hekla and Mt. The southern end of the volcano was once part of the Atlantic coastline. Eyjafjallajökull is located in the middle of the South of Iceland in between Skógafoss and Mýrdalsjökull in the Eyjafjöll mountains. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. Hrútafell Guesthouse by Eyjafjallajökul - room 7 Our guesthouse is located near by some of South Iceland most famous attractions on the South coast. Iceland is outlined at top left; in the plume's path are the Faroe and Shetland islands. The former coastline now consists of sheer cliffs with many waterfalls, of which the best known is Skógafoss. It did not flood that much: most of it went into rivers, but if it had flooded down the farm valleys it could have swept away all the farms in the valley. On 16 January 1967 at 13:47:55 there was an explosion on the glacier. There is also a children’s playground on site. The summit of Eyjafjallajökull reaches an elevation of 1,666 metres (5,466 ft) and the ice cap itself covers an area of about 100 square kilometres. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland. The area between the mountain and the present coast is a relatively flat strand, 2–5 km (1–3 mi) wide, called Eyjafjöll. It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano. The ice cap covers the caldera of a volcano with a summit elevation of 1,651 metres (5,417 ft). by Harry on March 22, 2010. Eyjafjallajökull is one of the few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland. From Eyjafjallajökull volcano is located just less than 29 km. That year all the residents close to the volcano had to evacuate in case the area flooded. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. It consists of an elongated ice-covered stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera. 'island mountain's glacier') is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland, north of Skógar and west of Mýrdalsjökull. In 1823, some men went hiking up on Eyjafjallajökull to inspect the craters. On 26 February 2010, unusual seismic activity along with rapid expansion of the Earth's crust was registered by the Meteorological Institute of Iceland. John P. Rafferty writes about Earth processes and the environment. Plume from Eyjafjallajökull volcano (tan streak) moving southeast over the North Atlantic Ocean, April 15, 2010. A literal part-by-part translation of Eyjafjallajökull would thus be "Islands' Mountains' ice cap".  As of August 2010, Eyjafjallajökull was considered dormant. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano last erupted on 14 April 2010 in Iceland. The name means "island-mountains glacier". https://www.britannica.com/place/Eyjafjallajokull-volcano, NASA - Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland, Global Volcanism Program - Eyjafjallajökull, Eyjafjallajökull volcano - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklausturmonitored th… Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. On March 21, fountains of lava began exiting through a 0.3-mile- (500-metre-) long vent in the ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, which separates the Eyjafjallajökull glacier from the larger glacier Mýrdalsjökull to the east. History of eruptions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Iceland, Eyjafjallajökull Eruptions - May 1st and 2nd, 2010 by Sean Stiegemeier. The sea level has retreated some 5 km, leaving behind sheer cliffs with and many waterfalls such as Skógafoss.  This gave geophysicists evidence that magma was pouring from underneath the crust into the magma chamber of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano and that pressure stemming from the process caused the huge crustal displacement at Þorvaldseyri farm. Eyjafjallajökull volcano, also called Eyjafjallajökull, Eyjafjalla volcano, Eyjafjöll, or Eyjafjalla Glacier volcano, subglacial volcano, southern Iceland, lying within the country’s East Volcanic Zone. Eyjafjallajokull volcano is located in southern Iceland under Eyjafjallajökull icecap. Eyjafjallajökull is a 10.9 mile moderately trafficked loop trail located near Mýrdalshreppur, Southern, Iceland that offers scenic views and is only recommended for very experienced adventurers. Eyjafjallajökull is Iceland's famous volcano with the long name that can be very difficult to pronounce. The main outlet glaciers from Eyjafjallajökull are Gígjökull and Steinholtsjökull. It can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklaustur monitored the movement. On April 14, lava from new fissures surfaced beneath the crater of the glacier-covered summit. They discovered a fissure vent near the summit caldera a bit to the west of Guðnasteinn. It was estimated to be ten to twenty times larger than the previous one in Fimmvörðuháls. It sits between one of the largest cascades in Iceland, Skógafoss Waterfall, and Thórsmörk (Þórsmörk), a mountain ridge with a deep valley beloved by hikers from all over the world. Sometimes the track is temporarily closed for the fragile vegetation to regenerate. When about 15,000,000 cubic metres (530,000,000 cubic feet) of material hit the glacier a massive amount of air, ice, and water began to move out from under the glacier into the lagoon at the foot of the glacier.. It is located near the south shore between Mt.  Katla did not display any unusual activity (such as expansion of the crust or seismic activity) during the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull, though geologists have been concerned about the general instability of Katla since 1999. In early 1823, the nearby volcano Katla under the Mýrdalsjökull ice cap erupted and at the same time steam columns were seen on the summit of Eyjafjallajökull. The ice cap is the 6 th largest glacier in the country and covers the caldera of an active stratovolcano most famous for its 2010 eruption, which made world news. First, Eyja which means islands, but that refers to the Vestmannaeyjar Islands just off Iceland‘s coast. The name means "glacier" (or more properly here "ice cap") of the Eyjafjöll. It is part of a chain of volcanoes stretching across Iceland. , Eyjafjallajökull lies 25 km (15 1⁄2 mi) west of another subglacial volcano, Katla, under the Mýrdalsjökull ice cap, which is much more active and known for its powerful subglacial eruptions and its large magma chamber. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi), feeding many outlet glaciers. Omissions? In the past 1500 years, Eyjafjallajökull has produced four comparatively small eruptions. On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull resumed erupting after a brief pause, this time from the top crater in the centre of the glacier, causing jökulhlaup (meltwater floods) to rush down the nearby rivers, and requiring 800 people to be evacuated. It left behind vast ash clouds so large that in some areas daylight was entirely obscured. The volcano is thought to be related to Katla geologically, in that eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull have generally been followed by eruptions of Katla. This second eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometres up in the atmosphere, which led to air travel disruption in northwest Europe for six days from 15 to 21 April 2010 and again, in May 2010,[clarification needed] including the closure of airspace over many parts of Europe. In the past, the UK has been affected by volcanic eruptions in Iceland, the most notable being the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grímsvötn eruptions, which resulted in disruption of air traffic in the North Atlantic and Europe. The bright and modern rooms at Hótel Eyjafjallajökull have a flat-screen TV, desk and a private bathroom with shower and bathrobes. Expanding gases from the rapid vaporization of ice started a series of moderate phreatomagmatic explosions (which result from the contact of water and magma) that sent a plume of steam and ash almost 7 miles (11 km) into the atmosphere. Eyjafjallajökull during eruption in 2010.  Each of the eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in 920, 1612, and 1821–1823 has preceded an eruption of Katla. Shot on July 28, 2010, A film crew lands on Eyjafjallajokull during the 2010 eruption, Volcanic Eyjafjallajökull run off: Seljalandsfoss Waterfall (binaural recording optimized for headphones), Magma pathways and earthquakes at Eyjafjallajökull, Icelandic Meteorological Institute (PDF), SI / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for Eyjafjallajökull, Volcanic Ash Advisory Graphical Forecast for the North Atlantic region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eyjafjallajökull&oldid=991825424, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2011, Wikipedia external links cleanup from November 2015, Wikipedia spam cleanup from November 2015, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 00:50. The eruption also caused some small and medium glacier runs and flooding in nearby rivers Markarfljót and Holtsá. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. The volcano Eyjafjallajökull (AYA-feeyapla-yurkul) burst to life in March after nearly two centuries of dormancy. It has been an active volcano since many decades. The volcano has erupted relatively frequently since the Last Glacial Period, most recently in 2010, when, although relatively small for a volcanic eruption, it caused enormous disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe for a week. The latter eruption continued intermittently for nearly 14 months. The ash of Eyjafjallajökull's 1821 eruptions is to be found all over the south of Iceland. Map created by us through Google Maps. In which country are the Southern Alps located? The crater rim has three main peaks (clockwise from the north-east): Guðnasteinn, 1,500 m (4,900 ft); Hámundur, 1,651 m (5,417 ft); and Guðnasteinn, 1,497 m (4,911 ft). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The name Eyjafjöll is made up of the words eyja (genitive plural of ey, meaning eyot or island), and the plural word fjöll, meaning fells or mountains, and together literally means: "the mountains of the islands".  In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. However, the people of Iceland were not concerned about the ash clouds: they were more concerned about flooding.  On 23 May 2010, the London Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre declared the eruption to have stopped, but stated that they were continuing to monitor the volcano. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounced [ˈɛɪjaˌfjatl̥aˌjœːkʏtl] ()) is one of Iceland's smaller ice caps located in the far south of the island.Situated to the north of Skógar and to the west of the larger ice cap Mýrdalsjökull, Eyjafjallajökull covers the caldera of a volcano 1,666 m (5,466 ft) high, which has erupted relatively frequently since the last ice age. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. The eruption columns were shot to considerable heights, with ashfall in both the far north of the country, in Eyjafjörður, and in the southwest, on the peninsula of Seltjarnarnes near Reykjavík. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Eyjafjallajökull is located in the middle of South Iceland between Skógafoss and Mýrdalsjökull in the mountains of Eyjafjöll. In strong winds, the water of the smaller falls can even be blown up the mountain. The cloud not only darkened the sky but also interfered with hundreds of plane flights. The word jökull, meaning glacier or ice cap, is a cognate with the Middle English word ikel surviving in the -icle of English icicle. Eyjafjallajökull volcano is an ice-cap covered stratovolcano located to the north of Skógar (Skogar) and to the west of Mýrdalsjökull (Myrdalsjokull) glacier in southern Iceland. Its name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning “the island’s mountain glacier,” and the volcano itself lies beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier). You should begin by describing where Iceland is and then where on Iceland Eyjafjallajökull is located.  The volcano continued to have several earthquakes daily, with volcanologists watching the volcano closely. 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